Phylogenetic history of patrilineages rare in northern and eastern Europe from large-scale re-sequencing of human Y-chromosomes.

TitlePhylogenetic history of patrilineages rare in northern and eastern Europe from large-scale re-sequencing of human Y-chromosomes.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsIlumäe, A-M, Post, H, Flores, R, Karmin, M, Sahakyan, H, Mondal, M, Montinaro, F, Saag, L, Bormans, C, Sanchez, LFernanda, Ameur, A, Gyllensten, U, Kals, M, Mägi, R, Pagani, L, Behar, DM, Rootsi, S, Villems, R
JournalEur J Hum Genet
Date Published2021 May 07

The most frequent Y-chromosomal (chrY) haplogroups in northern and eastern Europe (NEE) are well-known and thoroughly characterised. Yet a considerable number of men in every population carry rare paternal lineages with estimated frequencies around 5%. So far, limited sample-sizes and insufficient resolution of genotyping have obstructed a truly comprehensive look into the variety of rare paternal lineages segregating within populations and potential signals of population history that such lineages might convey. Here we harness the power of massive re-sequencing of human Y chromosomes to identify previously unknown population-specific clusters among rare paternal lineages in NEE. We construct dated phylogenies for haplogroups E2-M215, J2-M172, G-M201 and Q-M242 on the basis of 421 (of them 282 novel) high-coverage chrY sequences collected from large-scale databases focusing on populations of NEE. Within these otherwise rare haplogroups we disclose lineages that began to radiate ~1-3 thousand years ago in Estonia and Sweden and reveal male phylogenetic patterns testifying of comparatively recent local demographic expansions. Conversely, haplogroup Q lineages bear evidence of ancient Siberian influence lingering in the modern paternal gene pool of northern Europe. We assess the possible direction of influx of ancestral carriers for some of these male lineages. In addition, we demonstrate the congruency of paternal haplogroup composition of our dataset with two independent population-based cohorts from Estonia and Sweden.

Alternate JournalEur J Hum Genet
PubMed ID33958743
Grant ListPRG243 / / Eesti Teadusagentuur (Estonian Research Council) /
PRG1071 / / Eesti Teadusagentuur (Estonian Research Council) /
329257 / / Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia (Finnish Academy of Science and Letters) /
3UM1HG008901-03S1 / / U.S. Department of Health & Human Services | NIH | National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) /
IUT24-1 / / Haridus- ja Teadusministeerium (Ministry of Education and Research) /
2014-2020.4.01.16-0024 (MOBTT53) / / EC | European Regional Development Fund (Europski Fond za Regionalni Razvoj) /